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Propane vs. Natural Gas vs. Heating Oil: Ohio Home Heating Fuel Comparison

Homeowners have a variety of home heating fuels to choose from. Natural gas is the most popular choice in Ohio, used by 1,700,774 or 69.02% of homes. The 2nd most popular choice for Ohio homeowners is electricity, used by 649,163 homes (26.35%). The remaining homes are heated with propane (57,730), heating oil (30,040), other fuels (15,384), and other fuels (26,407).

Ohio Primary Home Heating Fuel Popularity by Number of Households

FuelOhio Households % of Households
Natural Gas1.7M69.02%
Electricity649,16326.35%
Propane57,7302.34%
Heating Oil30,0401.22%
Other Fuels15,3840.62%
No Fuel14,5800.59%
Wood10,7380.44%
Coal5650.02%
Solar5240.02%

Natural gas (69.02)

Electricity (26.35)

Propane (2.34)

Heating oil (1.22)

Other fuels (0.62)

No fuel (0.59)

Wood (0.44)

Coal (0.02)

Solar (0.02)

#2 Heating Oil (Fuel Oil) Use in Ohio

Heating oil has become less popular in Ohio. In the 4 years since 2018, the number of heating oil homes fell from 30,678 to 30,040, a 2.08% drop.

Ohio Heating Oil Households (2011 - 2022)

YearHeating Oil Households
201145,327
201242,324
201340,257
201437,543
201534,770
201632,920
201731,506
201830,678
201929,965
202028,939
202128,640
202230,040

Propane vs. Natural Gas use for home heating in Ohio

Between 2018 and today, the number of homes using propane as the primary space heating fuel rose from 46,757 to 57,730.

Between 2018 and today, the number of homes using natural gas as the primary space heating fuel rose from 1,669,146 to 1,700,774.

Electricity use for home heating in Ohio

Electric space heating systems are becoming more popular in Ohio. Since 2018, the number of homes heating with electricity rose from 568,942 to 649,163, a 14.10% increase.

Solar use for home heating in Ohio

Solar is the most environmentally friendly of all space heating fuels. With an “active” solar heating system, liquid is circulated between solar panels on a home’s roof and a heat energy storage tank in the basement.

Currently, 524 homes in Ohio are heated with active solar arrays. This is a 48.44% increase from 2018, when only 353 homes had installed active solar heating.